Subject Pronouns in Italian / Pronomi personali soggetto

In Italian, subject pronouns (pronomi personali soggetto) are generally omitted since the verb endings (le desinenze) provide for the number and person — in other words, they tell us not only singular and plural but also the subject. However, subject pronouns are typically used when:

1.

When the verb ending is ambiguous, such as with the subjunctive where the singular forms of the verb are identical:

All’università i miei colleghi sono convinti che io sia un somaro.
At university my colleagues are convinced I’m a dunce.

2.

When the subject or subjects need to highlighted or contrasted for emphasis:

Non mi va di uscire! Io sono stanco, ma lei ha sempre la voglia, chiedi a Marina!
I don’t feel like going out. I am tired, but she always feels like it, ask Marina!

3.

When the verb is not stated:

madre/mother:
Ragazzi, chi vuole andare al cinema stasera?
Guys, who wants to go to the movies tonight?

Rodolfo:
Io, mamma!
I do, mom!

Giulia:
Non posso, mamma! Devo studiare!
I can’t, mom! I have to study!

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